Moringa oleifera commonly known as Moringa, drumstick tree, horseradish tree, ben oil tree, or benzoil tree is the only genus in the family Moringaceae. The plant is native to northwestern India, Pakistan and widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas. It is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Moringa, and its young seed pods and leaves are used as vegetables. All parts of the Moringa tree are edible and have long been consumed by humans .Moringa is used worldwide in the traditional medicine, for various health conditions, such as skin infections, anemia, anxiety, asthma, blackheads, blood impurities, bronchitis, catarrh, chest congestion, cholera, infections, fever, glandular, swelling, headaches, abnormal blood pressure, hysteria, pain in joints, pimples, psoriasis, respiratory disorders, scurvy, semen deficiency, sore throat, sprain, tuberculosis, for intestinal worms, lactation, diabetes, and pregnancy .In many regions of Africa, it is widely consumed for self-medication by patients affected by diabetes, hypertension, or HIV/AIDS .Moringa oil has tremendous cosmetic value and is used in body and hair care as a moisturizer and skin conditioner. It has been shown that aqueous, hydro alcohol, or alcohol extracts of M. oleifera leaves possess a wide range of additional biological activities including antioxidant, tissue protective (liver, kidneys, heart, testes, and lungs), analgesic, antiulcer, antihypertensive, radioprotective, and immunomodulatory actions. Phytochemical analyses have shown that M. oleifera is a rich source of potassium, calcium, phosphorous, iron, vitamins A and D, essential amino acids, as well as known antioxidants, such as β-carotene, vitamin C, and flavonoids.

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